6,5 km – short walk
This walk will take you past some of the country estates close to the historic centre of Rijswijk. The beach ridge, the historical sand ridge that runs parallel to the coastline, was extremely suitable for residential purposes in view of its elevated position. The centre of Rijswijk was constructed here in the Middle Ages, and starting from the 17th century, the same characteristics made the beach ridge an attractive location for the construction of mansions and country estates.
One of the most famous estates is Huis Ter Nieuburch, technically more of a palace than a country estate. It was built between 1630 and 1638 on the instructions of Frederik Hendrik and Amalia van Solms, and owes most of its fame to the signing of the Peace Treaty of Ryswick (Rijswijk) in 1697. Unfortunately, the palace was demolished in 1785, and the geometric gardens were lost for posterity.
Starting from the 19th century, the predominantly geometrically designed gardens of country estates were replaced by English landscape parks. The country estate zone of Rijswijk is characterized by these adjoined parks. Closer to the centre of Rijswijk, the country houses have become more and more enclosed in the course of time by advancing housing development. In some cases, the core of these estates, the country houses and the surrounding gardens, were left undisturbed. The gardens were then turned into public parks.